Common GPU Error Codes and How to Fix Them

In the world of computer hardware, the use of graphics processing units (GPUs) has become increasingly prevalent. However, despite their advanced capabilities, GPUs can sometimes encounter errors that hinder their performance. This article aims to shed light on some of the most frequently encountered GPU error codes, providing readers with a comprehensive understanding of these issues. Furthermore, it will also offer practical solutions on how to resolve these errors efficiently and effectively. By the end of this article, you will have a better grasp of common GPU error codes and the necessary steps to address them, ensuring a smooth and seamless computing experience.

Driver Error Codes

Error Code 43: Device Manager Error

Error Code 43 is a common driver error that can occur when there is a problem with the device driver in the Device Manager. This error usually indicates that the driver for a particular device has encountered a problem and has been disabled. To fix this error, you can try updating the driver in the Device Manager or reinstalling the driver. You can also try restarting your computer to see if that resolves the issue.

Error Code 12: Insufficient Resources

Error Code 12 is an error that occurs when a device does not have enough resources to function properly. This error can occur if you have too many devices connected to your computer or if there is a conflict between devices. To fix this error, you can try disconnecting any unnecessary devices from your computer or resolving any conflicts between devices in the Device Manager.

Error Code 14: Display Driver Stopped Responding

Error Code 14 is an error that occurs when the display driver stops responding. This error can be caused by a variety of factors, such as outdated drivers, overheating, or hardware issues. To fix this error, you can try updating the display driver to the latest version, checking for overheating issues and addressing them, or troubleshooting any hardware problems that may be causing the driver to stop responding.

Error Code 0x00000116: VIDEO_TDR_FAILURE

Error Code 0x00000116, also known as VIDEO_TDR_FAILURE, is an error that occurs when the display driver fails to recover from a timeout. This error can be caused by various factors, such as outdated drivers, overheating, or hardware issues. To fix this error, you can try updating the display driver to the latest version, checking for overheating issues and addressing them, or troubleshooting any hardware problems that may be causing the timeout.

Hardware Error Codes

Error Code 1: Broken GPU Fan

Error Code 1 indicates that there is a problem with the GPU fan. If your GPU fan is broken, it may not be able to properly cool the graphics card, leading to overheating issues and potential damage to the GPU. To fix this error, you will need to replace the broken GPU fan with a new one. It is important to address this issue promptly to prevent further damage to your GPU.

Error Code 3: GPU Overheating

Error Code 3 indicates that the GPU is overheating. Overheating can occur due to insufficient cooling, a build-up of dust and debris in the GPU heatsink or fans, or a malfunctioning cooling system. To fix this error, you can try cleaning the GPU heatsink and fans to remove any dust and debris, ensuring proper airflow in your system, and considering additional cooling solutions such as installing extra fans or a liquid cooling system.

Error Code 6: Corrupted GPU Memory

Error Code 6 suggests that there is a problem with the GPU memory. Corrupted GPU memory can lead to various issues such as graphical glitches, system crashes, and display errors. To fix this error, you can try reseating the GPU to ensure a proper connection, updating the GPU drivers to the latest version, or testing the GPU memory for faults using specialized software or diagnostic tools. In some cases, you may need to replace the GPU if the memory corruption issue persists.

Error Code 9: Power Supply Issue

Error Code 9 commonly indicates a power supply issue. Insufficient power supply can cause unstable system behavior, crashes, and hardware malfunctions. To fix this error, you can try checking the power supply connections to ensure they are secure, upgrading to a higher wattage power supply if your current one is underpowered, or consulting a professional to diagnose and resolve any underlying power supply issues.

Software Error Codes

Error Code 2: Outdated Graphics Drivers

Error Code 2 suggests that your graphics drivers are outdated. Outdated drivers can cause performance issues, compatibility problems, and even system crashes. To fix this error, you can try updating your graphics drivers to the latest version available from the official manufacturer’s website. Using driver update software can simplify the process by automatically identifying and installing the correct drivers for your GPU.

Error Code 5: Conflicting Software

Error Code 5 can occur when there is conflicting software installed on your system that is interfering with the operation of your GPU. Conflicting software may include applications that use similar resources or drivers as your GPU, leading to compatibility issues. To fix this error, you can try uninstalling any recently installed software that may be causing the conflict, or disabling conflicting services or background processes.

Error Code 8: Incompatible Application

Error Code 8 indicates that there is an incompatible application installed on your system that is causing issues with your GPU. Incompatible applications can interfere with the operation of your GPU, leading to poor performance or system crashes. To fix this error, you can try updating the incompatible application to the latest version, checking for any available patches or updates, or contacting the software developer for further assistance.

Error Code 10: Software Corruption

Error Code 10 points to software corruption that is affecting the functionality of your GPU. Software corruption can occur due to various reasons, such as improper installation or uninstallation of applications, malware infections, or system file errors. To fix this error, you can try running the System File Checker utility to scan and repair any corrupted system files, using antivirus software to remove any malware infections, or performing a clean installation of the operating system if necessary.

Common Error Code Fixes

Restarting the System

One of the simplest and often effective solutions for resolving various GPU errors is to restart your system. Restarting the system can help refresh the software and clear any temporary glitches or conflicts that may be causing the error. It is recommended to perform a proper restart by shutting down the computer completely and then powering it back on.

Updating Graphics Drivers

Updating your graphics drivers to the latest version is a crucial step in resolving many GPU-related issues. Outdated drivers can lead to compatibility problems, performance issues, and system instability. To update your graphics drivers, visit the official manufacturer’s website for your GPU and download the latest drivers compatible with your operating system. Follow the installation instructions provided by the manufacturer to ensure a successful update.

Reinstalling Graphics Drivers

If updating the graphics drivers does not resolve the error, you can try reinstalling them. Sometimes, driver installations can become corrupted or incomplete, resulting in errors. To reinstall the graphics drivers, first, uninstall the existing drivers from your system. Then, download the latest drivers from the official manufacturer’s website and install them following the provided instructions. Reinstalling the drivers can help resolve any issues caused by problematic installations.

Checking for Overheating

Overheating can cause various GPU errors, including performance degradation, crashes, and system instability. It is important to regularly monitor the temperature of your GPU and ensure that it is within safe operating limits. You can use software programs or utilities that provide real-time temperature monitoring for your GPU. If you find that your GPU is consistently running at high temperatures, you can refer to the hardware error codes section for specific steps to address overheating issues.

Cleaning the GPU Fan

The GPU fan plays a crucial role in cooling the graphics card. Over time, dust and debris can accumulate on the fan blades or heatsink, hindering proper airflow and causing overheating. To address this issue, you can carefully remove the GPU fan and clean it using compressed air or a soft brush to remove any dust or debris. Ensure that you clean the fan blades, heatsink, and other components thoroughly. Regular cleaning of the GPU fan can help maintain optimal cooling performance.

Resetting BIOS Settings

Resetting the BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) settings to their default values can sometimes resolve GPU errors caused by incorrect settings or conflicts. To reset the BIOS settings, restart your computer and access the BIOS menu by pressing a specific key (such as Del or F2) during the boot process. Look for the option to reset the BIOS settings to default or load optimized defaults. Follow the instructions provided in the BIOS menu to save the changes and exit. Be cautious when altering BIOS settings, as incorrect changes can lead to other problems.

Checking Power Supply Connections

Faulty power supply connections can result in power-related issues with the GPU, leading to instability or malfunctions. Ensure that all power connections to the GPU, such as PCI-E power cables, are securely connected. If you have modular power supply cables, try disconnecting and reconnecting them to ensure a proper connection. Additionally, consider inspecting the power supply unit itself for any signs of physical damage or malfunctions. If necessary, consult a professional for further assistance in diagnosing and resolving power supply issues.

Reseating the GPU

Reseating the GPU involves removing the graphics card from its slot and then reinstalling it. This can help ensure a proper connection between the GPU and the motherboard, which may resolve issues caused by loose connections. Before reseating the GPU, shut down your computer and disconnect the power cable. Open the computer case and locate the graphics card. Carefully remove the card from its slot, then reinsert it firmly, ensuring that it is properly seated. Close the computer case, reconnect the power cable, and power on the system.

Checking for Conflicting Software

Conflicts between software applications or drivers can lead to GPU errors. If you recently installed new software or drivers before encountering the error, it is worth checking for any conflicts. You can do this by reviewing the installed programs in the Control Panel or using specialized software that can identify conflicting applications or drivers. Uninstalling the conflicting software or disabling unnecessary services or background processes may help alleviate the error.

Running System File Checker for Software Corruption

Software corruption can cause various GPU errors. The System File Checker (SFC) is a built-in Windows utility that scans and repairs corrupted system files. To run the System File Checker, open a command prompt with administrator privileges and enter the command “sfc /scannow”. The utility will then scan your system for corrupted files and attempt to repair them if possible. Restart your computer after the process is complete. If the SFC process does not resolve the error, you may need to consider more advanced error code fixes.

Advanced Error Code Fixes

Using Device Manager to Fix Driver Errors

Device Manager is a Windows tool that allows you to manage and update your device drivers. If the basic driver error code fixes mentioned earlier did not resolve the issue, you can use Device Manager to specifically troubleshoot and fix driver errors. To access Device Manager, right-click on the Start button and select “Device Manager” from the context menu. In the Device Manager window, expand the category related to your GPU, right-click on the device, and select “Update driver” or “Uninstall device” to proceed accordingly. Follow the on-screen instructions to update or reinstall the driver.

Performing a Clean GPU Driver Installation

A clean GPU driver installation involves completely removing the existing drivers from your system and installing a fresh copy. This can help eliminate any potential conflicts or corrupted files that might be causing the error. To perform a clean GPU driver installation, start by uninstalling the existing drivers using the manufacturer’s uninstallation tool or by using a driver uninstaller program. Once the drivers are uninstalled, restart your computer and proceed to install the latest drivers using the official manufacturer’s website. Follow the installation instructions provided to ensure a clean installation.

Checking GPU Hardware for Physical Damage

Sometimes, GPU errors can be caused by physical damage to the graphics card itself. Physical damage can include bent or broken components, damaged connectors, or burnt circuitry. To check for physical damage, carefully inspect the GPU for any signs of visible damage. Ensure that all connectors are intact and not loose. If you identify any physical damage, it is recommended to seek professional assistance or consider replacing the GPU if the damage is beyond repair.

Replacing Faulty GPU Memory

If the error code indicates a problem with GPU memory, replacing the faulty memory chips may be necessary. Replacing GPU memory chips should only be attempted by experienced individuals or professionals, as it requires specialized tools and expertise. Identify the specific memory chips that are causing the issue and refer to the GPU manufacturer’s documentation or contact their customer support for guidance on obtaining and replacing the memory chips. It is crucial to follow the instructions provided carefully to avoid damaging the GPU further.

Testing GPU with Benchmarks

GPU benchmarks can help determine if there are any issues with the graphics card’s performance or stability. By running benchmark tests, you can evaluate the GPU’s capabilities and compare its performance to expected results. If the benchmark scores are significantly lower than what is expected for your GPU model or if the system crashes or experiences errors during the benchmark tests, it may indicate a hardware issue. In such cases, it is advised to consult a professional or contact the GPU manufacturer for further assistance.

Upgrading Power Supply Unit

In some cases, GPU errors may be caused by an insufficient or faulty power supply unit (PSU). If you have already checked the power supply connections and confirmed that they are secure, but the error persists, it may be necessary to upgrade to a higher quality or higher wattage PSU. Choose a power supply unit that is compatible with your system and has sufficient power output to meet the demands of your GPU and other components. Consult the PSU manufacturer’s specifications or seek guidance from a professional to ensure a proper upgrade.

Updating BIOS Firmware

BIOS firmware is responsible for controlling various hardware components, including the GPU. Outdated or buggy BIOS firmware can cause compatibility issues or instability that can lead to GPU errors. It is recommended to periodically check for BIOS updates provided by the motherboard manufacturer. Visit the manufacturer’s official website and locate the appropriate BIOS update for your motherboard model. Follow the provided instructions and precautions when updating the BIOS firmware to avoid any potential complications or data loss.

Running System Restore

System Restore is a Windows feature that allows you to revert your computer’s state to a previous point in time. If you recently encountered a GPU error after making system changes, such as driver installations or software updates, performing a system restore can help revert your system to a stable state before the changes were made. To run System Restore, open the Control Panel, search for “System Restore,” and follow the on-screen instructions to select a restore point and initiate the restoration process. It is essential to note that System Restore will undo any changes made after the selected restore point.

Reinstalling Operating System

If all other error code fixes have been exhausted and the GPU errors persist, reinstalling the operating system may be necessary. This step should be considered as a last resort, as it involves reinstalling the entire operating system and can result in data loss if not performed correctly. Before proceeding with an operating system reinstallation, ensure that you have backed up all important files and have access to installation media for the operating system. Follow the provided instructions during the installation process, and remember to reinstall the necessary drivers, including the GPU drivers, once the operating system is installed.

Seeking Professional Help

If you are unable to resolve the GPU errors on your own or if you are uncomfortable performing advanced error code fixes, it is advised to seek professional assistance. Professional technicians or GPU specialists have the expertise and tools necessary to diagnose and fix various hardware and software issues. They can provide a comprehensive analysis of your system, recommend suitable solutions, and perform necessary repairs or replacements. Contact local computer repair shops, GPU manufacturers’ support services, or certified professionals to get professional help and guidance tailored to your specific situation.

Preventive Measures

Regularly Update Graphics Drivers

Keeping your graphics drivers up to date is one of the best preventive measures to avoid GPU errors. Updated drivers often include performance improvements, bug fixes, and enhanced compatibility with the latest software releases. Check for driver updates on a regular basis, especially when encountering new software or game releases that may require driver optimizations. Automating the driver update process using dedicated software can simplify and streamline the driver maintenance process.

Keep GPU Clean and Dust-Free

Regularly cleaning your GPU and ensuring it remains free from dust and debris can help maintain optimal cooling performance and prevent overheating issues. Dust build-up can obstruct airflow and cause the GPU to heat up more quickly. Use compressed air or a soft brush to carefully remove any dust or debris from the GPU fan, heatsink, and surrounding area. It is advisable to perform GPU cleaning in a well-ventilated area while taking necessary precautions to prevent electrostatic discharge.

Ensure Proper System Cooling

Proper system cooling is essential for maintaining optimal GPU performance and preventing overheating. Ensure that your computer case has adequate airflow by installing additional case fans, optimizing cable management, and keeping the interior clean. Consider using aftermarket coolers or liquid cooling solutions for more demanding setups. Monitoring GPU temperatures using software utilities and adjusting fan speeds or cooling settings accordingly can also help in maintaining a properly cooled system.

Use Reliable Power Supply

Using a reliable power supply unit is crucial for stable and efficient operation of your GPU. Invest in a high-quality power supply unit from a reputable manufacturer that offers sufficient wattage for your system’s power requirements. Avoid overloading the power supply or using makeshift connections. It is advisable to consult power supply calculators available online to determine the appropriate power supply capacity for your specific configuration.

Avoid Overclocking

Overclocking, the process of increasing the clock speeds or voltage of your GPU, can lead to increased performance but also introduces higher power consumption and heat generation. Overclocking increases the risk of instabilities, crashes, and premature hardware failures. Unless you have sufficient experience and understanding of the risks involved, it is generally recommended to avoid overclocking and operate your GPU at its default settings. If you do choose to overclock, ensure that you do so cautiously and carefully monitor the temperature and stability of your GPU.

Online Resources for Further Assistance

Official GPU Manufacturer Support Websites

GPU manufacturers often provide comprehensive support resources and information on their official websites. These resources typically include driver downloads, troubleshooting guides, frequently asked questions (FAQs), forums, and customer support contacts. Visiting the official GPU manufacturer’s website can be a valuable starting point for obtaining specific information and assistance related to your GPU model and resolving GPU errors.

Online Forums and Communities

Online forums and communities dedicated to PC hardware and software can offer a wealth of knowledge and support from experienced users and enthusiasts. Participating in these forums can provide you with valuable insights, user experiences, and solutions to common GPU errors. Popular online forums and communities include Reddit’s r/techsupport, Tom’s Hardware forums, and Linus Tech Tips forum, among others. Remember to provide detailed information about your GPU error when seeking assistance to receive the most accurate and relevant responses.

GPU Troubleshooting Guides and FAQs

Many websites and online resources offer dedicated GPU troubleshooting guides and frequently asked questions (FAQs). These guides often cover various error codes, common issues, and steps to resolve specific GPU problems. GPU troubleshooting guides can provide step-by-step instructions and troubleshooting tips tailored to different error scenarios. Refer to these guides to help identify and address specific GPU errors that you may encounter.

Video Tutorials for GPU Error Code Fixes

Video tutorials can be helpful in visualizing the steps necessary to fix specific GPU error codes. Platforms like YouTube provide a vast library of video tutorials created by hardware enthusiasts and experts. These tutorials often cover various GPU-related topics, including error code fixes, driver installations, hardware maintenance, and system optimizations. When following video tutorials, ensure that they are from reliable sources and up to date to avoid any potential inaccuracies or outdated information.

By following the comprehensive guide provided above, you can effectively address the common GPU error codes that you may encounter. Remember to regularly update your graphics drivers, keep your GPU clean and well-cooled, and take the necessary preventive measures to ensure the optimal performance and longevity of your GPU. Should you encounter any persistent or complex issues, do not hesitate to seek professional help or consult the resources mentioned to further assist in resolving the error codes and keeping your gaming and computing experiences smooth and error-free.